Identifying and Utilizing Employee Core Competencies

Written by Staff

May 3, 2019

Identifying and Utilizing Employee Core Competencies Hero

Every worker has a unique trait. This means they can manage job roles differently. In addition, they can also learn and master a task in diverse ways. One worker may have different core competencies to another.


Understanding core competencies that a role requires is critical for HR experts. They need to match a worker’s core competencies to their job roles. This is the best way to measure a worker’s success in their career journey.

What are Core Competencies?

These are qualities that a person brings into the workplace. These are a blend of a worker’s skills, attitudes, knowledge, and behavior. It enables a worker to perform their jobs successfully.

Most firms refer to core competencies as measurable on-the-job behaviors. These are the traits that firms want to see in their workers. These are vital traits that allow firms to achieve their goals.

Firms usually have a list of core competencies for a certain job role. In addition, they also use it for their worker’s career growth. The set of competencies may vary depending on the job type, department, industry, etc.

Importance of Core Competencies

There are many reasons why firms put weight on core competencies. But one of the main reasons is that workers and firms can use it to achieve their goals. Core competencies are critical for workers to perform their tasks effectively.

This can also guide them in knowing what the next steps are to further their careers. These also make a worker unique from others. Also, core competencies ensure that they add to the success of the business.

Types of Competencies

There are a range of competencies a worker can have. To know them better, here are the major types of competencies.

  1. Behavioral

These relate to behavioral traits of a worker. They are basic traits that a worker needs to survive a competitive work setting. This can include creativity, being original, and being aware. Also, it covers the ability to motivate oneself, and time management.

  1. Functional

These are specific to a job type or field. These are often for functional areas like marketing, human resources, finance, and more. This includes ability in planning, organizing, and overseeing projects. This covers from when the project starts up to when it is complete.

  1. Technical

These are special technical skills specific to a job or industry. Examples include ability to program languages like Java, C++, or Phyton. In addition, it covers data sets analysis, and design solutions using software.


  1. Adaptive

These traits allow workers to learn and adapt to change. Workers can apply these across various roles and fields. These include the ability to analyze and solve problems. The capacity to embrace change, adjust, and learn quickly.

  1. Leadership

These are critical for handling teams and for senior posts. These can include integrity, communication, ability to influence, and business wisdom.

Examples of Core Competencies

Core competencies include the skills, knowledge, and capabilities worker’s need to be effective in a job. These includes the following:

  1. Teamwork – this is the ability of working together to achieve a common goal.
  1. Awareness – this is staying up to date with what is happening. It is knowing what will make the company successful.
  1. Decision making – it is the process of gathering data, analyzing it, and choosing the right course of action.
  1. Communication – this is the ability to converse with teammates, managers, and clients. Workers should be able to relay and receive information well.
  1. Integrity – this trait covers being honest and trustworthy.
  1. Creativity – it is when workers can create ideas that are unique and effective.
  1. Analysis – this is to explore and interpret data to make decisions.
  1. Problem solving – this refers to the ability to think of answers to resolve an issue.

Utilizing Core Competencies

Core competencies are critical to every company and worker. They can use these to achieve success in their field and career. Here are some ways to use them effectively.

  1. For hiring new talent.

Including core competencies when hiring new talent has many benefits. This approach offers a standard framework to assess a talent. It clearly defines the skills that the firm needs for a job.

  1. To find the right competencies for a certain job role.

Also, HR must match the right competencies for the job. They can do this through job analysis. In addition, they need to know the responsibilities, skills, and traits the role requires.

  1. To develop workers.

Workers need to grow within the company. This is critical in nurturing them and helping them achieve their full potential. For this reason, they need to find out the core competencies they need to grow. Also, this approach helps align the workers’ growth with the firm’s goals.

  1. Assess worker’s performance.

A worker’s traits take center stage during the performance review process. Using them ensures managers can review workers depending on the skills relevant to their roles. This also makes the review fair and exact.

  1. For succession planning.

Succession planning is critical for the business. Firms need to continue to run with the best workers. During this process, the firm needs to prepare the workforce for key roles.


Workers are a vital aspect of any company. For this reason, their core competencies are also critical to their job roles. As a result, firms need to try to find out and know how to use them for their and their workers’ success.

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