Did you know employers sometimes pay a premium for the right education and experience? Or that you might be able to earn more by doing the same job in a larger company? In fact, these could be some of your strongest negotiating points in your next performance review, job interview, or request for a promotion.
Employers typically adjust their market data when determining how much to pay a specific employee to do the job. After they determine the value of the position by researching the data on pay practices for comparable jobs at comparable companies, they adjust the data to reflect the employee's background and experience.
1. Years of experience
Typically, more experience results in higher pay – up to a point. Similarly, if the position calls for someone with 10 years of experience in a particular occupation, and you don't meet those requirements, you may find yourself on the lower end of the pay scale.
Negotiation tip: Emphasize your years of experience if you have slightly more than what's required; if you have too much experience, you may be overqualified.
The match between your education and what's normally required for your job usually affects your pay. Plus, the quality of education can affect salary. Earning a degree from a top program typically has a positive influence on pay, while earning a degree from a school that's considered weak in a particular field may decrease your earning potential.
Negotiation tip: Emphasize your education if it is more than what's called for in the job - and it's relevant.
3. Performance reviews
Since most employers base their pay decisions at least partly on individual performance, this is an important variable when being considered for a pay increase or promotion. Even when applying for a new job, this information may be important to your prospective employer, as it gives a more complete picture of your abilities.
Negotiation tip: Performance has a significant impact on pay, especially incentive pay.
The more discretion and latitude you have in relation to your company's success, the more directly your decisions and actions will affect the bottom line – and your own. And if your boss is higher on the corporate hierarchy, his or her recommendations concerning your pay have less chance to be overridden in the cycles of review.
Negotiation tip: In the interview process, find out who the position reports to, along with the position's potential for growth.
5. Number of reports
The more employees you manage, the higher your pay in certain jobs. Of course, your level of success is also based on the performance of the employees you manage.
Negotiation tip: Emphasize the successes of those who report to you or who reported to you in your previous position.
6. Professional associations and certifications
Certifications and memberships in professional organizations or trade associations can have a positive Affect on pay. However, if a job calls for a certification you don't have your pay might be set at the lower end of the range. Some employers require employees without certifications to work toward them.
Negotiation tip: If you have a certification that is optional, but considered a plus, that means you can expect to earn a little more because of it.
7. Shift differentials
In certain jobs, workers may be expected to perform tasks during less favorable shift times. These employees are typically paid a premium due to the higher social and physical costs involved in working outside "normal work hours." In jobs that don't normally operate on more than one shift, the differential is negligible and usually only taken into account when a nonsalaried employee works overtime or on a special project.
Negotiation tip: You can expect to earn a little extra for working the 2nd or 3rd shift.
8. Hazardous working conditions
In certain jobs, workers are expected to perform tasks under dangerous working conditions. Dangerous working conditions can be defined to include anything from handling dangerous chemicals in a research facility to walking a police beat in a dangerous section of town. Jobs that fall into this category are usually regulated by outside authorities, including labor unions and the government.
Negotiation tip: Ask for hazard pay if you are put on a temporary assignment in a dangerous location.
How do you stack up?
Finding the Best Data The data in the Salary Wizard is a great starting point for determining what employers are paying for a specific job in a specific location. The salaries are national averages to which an adjustment has been applied to account for broad geographic differences in pay. The Salary Wizard starts to put a value on the space, but not the take all of your factors into consideration.
The Premium Personal Salary Report provides data pertaining to jobs in a specific combination of industry, geography, and company size.